Excerpts from Sustainable Developments may be used in other publications with appropriate academic citation. It was in the light of these events that this high-level workshop was organized to consider the linkages between poverty alleviation and sustainable development. It is essential for poverty eradication since global poverty is overwhelmingly rural. Some 340 counties would no longer be labeled as ‘impoverished’. The workshop on Poverty Alleviation and Sustainable Development: Exploring the Links was held on 23 January 2001 in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Second, environmental calamities would keep some 800 million poor people from rising out of extreme poverty, as they would otherwise have done under the base case scenario. 901 esq.9a, Miramar, Playa Ciudad de la Habana, CP 11300, Cuba; tel: +53-7-249-461; Internet: http://www.unchs.org/unchs/english/calendar/, WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION MEETINGS: The WTO’s General Council will meet several times in 2001: 8-9 February, 7-8 May, 18-19 July, 10-11 October and 12-14 December. More information is available online at: http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/csd/2001.htm, UNITED NATIONS COMMISSION ON POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT: The Commission's 34th Session will take place from 2-6 April 2001 in New York. He concluded that the literature does demonstrate some linkages, but that the connections are complex and that some commonly held views are not proven. Maurice Strong noted comments that there was no one-size-fits-all solution. Almost half the world’s population currently lives on less than two dollars a day. © 2020 United Nations Development Programme, Targeted Poverty Alleviation & 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. Since the late 1990s, the typical family in several developed countries has not shared in the gains of expanding economies. Poverty is not reflected in low levels of income alone but it is, rather, multifaceted. The authors can be contacted at their electronic mail addresses and at tel: +1-212-644-0204. Jacques Gérin, Chair of IISD’s Board of Directors, expressed his appreciation to IISD Vice President/Chief Operating Officer Bill Glanville and Senior Economist/Economic Instruments Director Anantha Kumar Duraiappah for their work in organizing this workshop. China is also leveraging its experience internationally. While noting that results relating to implementation are not yet available, he expressed some optimism based on I-PRSPs submitted to date and noted support for the PRSP principles within the development community. He said the right balance should be found on a country-by-country basis and stressed that the PRSPs will be continually updated. On the PRSP process, he said it is too early to evaluate it, but care should be taken to ensure that civil society has a say in how the process moves forward. She said this resulted in higher incomes and less out-migration. She noted that non-governmental organizations had facilitated initial agreement on mechanisms for collaborative management of resources, which then evolved through the interactions of different stakeholders. 1.1. Abstract Nature-based tourism (NBT) plays an important role in sustainable development. Keynote speaker Kanchan Chopra stressed the need for empowerment of people at the local level in order to achieve poverty reduction. One speaker said the focus under the PRSPs should be on processes by which governments include other institutions, cautioning that governments have their own objectives that are not compatible with a bottom-up approach. Introducing the concept of social capital – the networks and relationships that shape the quality and quantity of social interactions in a society – she said it adds a new dimension to the dialogue on development and noted that considering only traditional institutions does not suffice when grappling with the problems of development. He suggested supporting partners in developing countries that can become domestic advocates, as well as community groups in order to build social capital at the local level. Widespread poverty is an enduring problem and poverty alleviation has been a key component in development strategies over the past 50 years. The public and private sectors would also play key roles. The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content. There was also a suggestion relating to the fact that the cooperative model described by Chopra is in conflict with the current overriding global economic model, which is based on competition. Sinopec's Fixed-point Poverty Alleviation and Pairing Program Lifts Eight Counties Out of Poverty in Response to UN Sustainable Development Goals. For more information contact: Axumite Gebre-Egziabher, Coordinator, Istanbul+ 5, UN Centre for Human Settlements, Nairobi, Kenya; tel: +254-2-623-831; e-mail: [email protected]; Internet: http://www.istanbul5.org/meetings/, SPECIAL SESSION OF THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY ON CHILDREN: The Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly on Children will take place from 19-21 September 2001 at UN Headquarters in New York. SESSION TWO: OVERVIEW OF THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK. In fact, today almost four in five workers in developing countries are in vulnerable forms of employment and have little or no access to social protection, low and volatile income, and high levels of job insecurity. During this period, however, the strategies and approaches to tackle the problem have changed. She supported research on why some interventions work and others do not. Keeping People out of Poverty: Managing Risk In addition, one speaker stressed that the macroeconomic policies employed in some countries of Southeast Asia have made it possible for businesses in those countries to support poverty reduction. Sustainable Developments is a publication of the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) [email protected], publishers of the Earth Negotiations Bulletin �. To sum up, eradicating and ensuing that no one is left behind demands that we consider three key aspects. On poverty and sustainable development, she said the issues are linked through the concept of sustainable livelihoods. In many countries in Africa, there is already an ongoing transition from agriculture straight to services – but mostly low-paying services, often in the informal economy. During this period, however, the strategies and approaches to tackle the problem have changed. Anantha Kumar Duraiappah noted that an e-conference on poverty alleviation and sustainable development was also being held. Another participant noted a shift in governance that has increased the power of the private sector and transnational corporations, and called for stronger regulations and constraints for the sake of the environment. He also noted the need to introduce the poverty dimension in negotiations on international environmental issues such as climate change and biodiversity. These groups of countries are vulnerable in part because of their narrow and shallow productive capacities, limited trade products and partners, economic concentration on a few sectors, and vulnerability to the effects of climate change. He questioned whether growth is a sufficient condition for poverty reduction, stressing other factors such as distribution. She said sustainable development encompasses poverty intervention in developing countries as well as lifestyle issues in developed countries. He provided a detailed examination of some of the hypotheses contained in relevant studies on linkages between poverty and natural capital. The ILO estimates that this year 1.4 billion people worldwide (42 per cent of total employment) face vulnerable employment conditions. He cautioned against convergence around one model within the PRSPs, noting that guidelines and international consultants compromise their purpose. He said the workshop would stimulate and focus debate and expressed the hope that it would benefit not only those involved in discussing these issues, but ultimately those living in poverty. ILO data shows that labor productivity in 36 developed economies rose by 17 percent between 1999 and 2013, but real wages increased by only 6 percent over that period. The Critical Importance of Inclusive Growth He said a long-term framework from donors that is not subject to short-term political change is required, as development is too important to be affected by frequent policy shifts. This has serious implications for India’s defence, as the demography of the border will slowly be changed. He thanked participants for their involvement in these discussions and closed the meeting at 5:20 pm. To take another example, in Latin America, while the annual average of people that escaped poverty during the period 2003 to 2008 reached almost 8 million people, following the global economic crisis, this reduction slowed down to an annual average of around 5 million people from 2009 to 2014. He also noted that development issues are expanding into areas such as trade, multilateral environmental agreements and market access, and said government departments need to work together on these issues. On community participation, he said governments will design the processes and noted the importance of designing them to enhance emerging democratic institutions and create social capital. The issue was highlighted by Joseph Stiglitz of the World Bank in his Prebisch Lecture at the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) in 1998. This meeting will be held ten years after the World Summit for Children. While the argument that growth alone is not enough, and that it needs to be inclusive to lift people out of poverty is not new, I will point out to some recent developments that make this challenge more central today. We need only look at the devastating impact of the recent hurricanes in many Caribbean islands to be reminded of the vulnerabilities to shocks that so many around the world still face. Panelist’s comments: Workshop panelist Jim MacNeill, World Bank, thanked Anil Markandya for his comprehensive treatment of the literature on this issue. He noted that a more effective aid policy could involve a narrower focus on fewer recipient countries, and concluded by noting that several Asian countries’ experiences in recent decades provide success stories in tackling poverty. She said institutional factors can enable this as a next step and called for institutions that empower people. On how to implement the PRSP approach, he identified the need to find a balance between speed of implementation and quality of the strategy papers as one challenge, noting the need for low-income countries to develop sufficient social capital for implementation as well as incentives for countries to move quickly in order to achieve interim debt relief under the Highly Indebted Poor Country (HIPC) initiative. He further identified the challenge of achieving a balance between country ownership and the desire on the part of donors to ensure that funds are used effectively, and underscored that donors need to recognize that country ownership is critical to success. It will review and appraise progress made on the implementation of the outcome of the second UN Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II), which was held in Istanbul, Turkey in 1996. Following this, panelists Keith Bezanson and Roy Culpeper offered closing remarks and CIDA President Len Good presented his observations on the workshop. He noted the role of the now completed interim PRSPs (I-PRSPs), which include information on the current situation in countries and future plans, and the function of the annual progress reports and PRSP updates every three years. print PDF files across all major computing platforms. He noted Stiglitz’s call for a greater focus on culture and institutional development, with attention paid to stakeholders – the individual, family and community, as well as the public and private sectors. Globally in 2014, 73.3 million youth were unemployed. The United Nations has taken the lead through the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) project, which is a framework for assisting countries and donors in their efforts to alleviate poverty. He considered Joseph Stiglitz’s call for a major shift in development strategy, including an emphasis on both formal and informal institutions that link the various stakeholders: private sector, public sector, community, family and individual. In addition, he noted some evidence to indicate that when there is a loss of natural capital – such as through natural disasters – the poor suffer disproportionately more than the rich. The road map towards sustainable development outlined above points to the complexity of the system within which problems of . But, as in China, many people around the world were left behind – in developing countries, 767 million still lived in extreme poverty in 2013. She highlighted the need for: integration of the project to fit local needs and aspirations; the creation of possibilities for scaling up; and linkages with external markets. Panelist Roy Culpeper highlighted the message of creating trust at the local, national and international levels. The Brundtland report defined this concept as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Patterns of growth around the world, in many developing countries today, are still resource-intensive, be it by exploring minerals and hydrocarbons, or agriculture. And when violent armed conflict breaks, that is poverty reduction in reverse. It is unquestionable that rapid reductions in poverty have gone along with improvements in economic performance. He stressed that conditionality has not been eliminated, as funds will be transferred only under credible PRSPs and governments will be held accountable to undertakings contained in PRSPs. In the plenary discussion, participants considered the issue of progress on tackling poverty during the past half century, stressing the need to make the current agenda more operational. He said studies by the World Bank Environment Department had found very limited inclusion of considerations relating to natural resource management and environment in the I-PRSPs submitted to date. Ladies and gentlemen. Even amongst those working, 169 million youth were living in poverty. For more information contact: WTO, tel: +41-22-739-5111; e-mail: [email protected]; Internet: http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/meets.doc, 18TH SESSION OF THE COMMISSION ON HUMAN SETTLEMENTS: This meeting will take place from 12-16 February 2001 in Nairobi, Kenya. Technological change, especially in robotics and artificial intelligence, is providing a wide variety of options to automate industrial production and the delivery of a range of services (driverless cars may be around the corner; restaurants and shops increasingly carry the option to order by touchscreen and retail hubs are disappearing due to on-line shopping). He said ownership and participation are key requirements for effective natural resource management solutions and sustainable development, and suggested that countries with PRSPs that neglect the environment should be encouraged to find consistency between sustainable development and country ownership. For instance, with rapid economic growth in East Asia and the Pacific, the proportion of people living on less than $1.90 a day fell from 60 percent in 1990 to 3.5 percent in 2013. He said there is a lack of evidence to support the view that an increase in poverty always results in further environmental degradation. Thousands of new business initiatives, development institution programs, and innovative investment funds focused on poverty alleviation have emerged during this time. Poverty alleviation is an essential step in the direction of defending the humanity's dignity and it is the prerequisite for creating development perspectives for the “damned of the earth,” which now number about a billion, when speaking about extreme poverty. For more information contact: UNCHS, P.O. That is why the central pledge of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is the aspiration of “Leaving no one behind.” Unlike the MDGs, when the target was to reduce poverty by half, the objective now is to eradicate poverty all together by 2030 – as expressed in the Sustainable Development Goal 1. It can support poverty alleviation, economic growth, and biodiversity conservation and contribute to key global agreements and frameworks, including the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Yet, over the last decade or so, we have seen a breakdown in the relationship between increases in labor productivity and improvements in the earnings of a median household. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global Goals, were adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015 as a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity by 2030. One participant noted that trust building and continuity requires the capacity of communities and the government to renegotiate as circumstances change. With an expected USD 700 billion drop in external finance to developing countries this year, the financing needed to meet the Global Goals is at risk of collapse, threatening decades of progress on poverty alleviation and sustainable development. We are all pro-growth. It is an honor to join you today. The Committee on Trade and Development is scheduled to meet on 22 May and 19 October. In the workshop’s final session, keynote speakers Kanchan Chopra and Anil Markandya reviewed some of the issues raised during the workshop. As long as we are committed to respect their integrated and indivisible nature, the pursuit of the Sustainable Development Goals will “transform our world” and should enable us, for the first time in history, to eradicate poverty. Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa are the regions most affected by vulnerable employment. Poverty alleviation strategies. He further stated that a significant amount of time needs to be devoted to the development of PRSPs, and the current time pressure on the process falls short in terms of supporting local capacity and participation. First, environmental degradation would increase the number of people in extreme poverty by 1.9 billion. She said social entrepreneurs bring together different forms of capital that can result in successful experiences on the ground and cited the example of micro-finance initiatives in Bangladesh. This article documented the experiences of persons with disabilities with respect to global efforts towards poverty reduction via SDGs. Highlighting three cases in poverty alleviation at the grassroots level and their links to sustainable development, she said a "reaching out between agents" across traditional sectors in the context of creating development processes can result in successful outcomes. The Preparatory Committee is scheduled to meet in New York from 12-23 February and 30 April - 11 May in 2001, and from 14-25 January 2002. His proposal focused on the need for cooperation among stakeholders and for the development of appropriate institutional structures. Participants also highlighted: the need for community participation; the importance of tailoring solutions to meet specific local needs; the harmful consequences of the rise in military conflicts and the need for stability in tackling poverty; the benefit of a strong judicial system in ensuring good governance; the positive experience of using micro-financing to allow those in poverty to become agents for change; the negative role of donor coordination, which one speaker described as a "self-serving club"; and the need to increase the capacity within developing countries to deal with aid coordination. The Education Challenge (Bernardo Rivera and A.F. He stressed that the programme should not be judged based on the preliminary reports and first impressions. The Summit will aim to reinvigorate the global commitment to sustainable development at the highest level. She stressed the role of the international donor community and local non-governmental organizations as brokers in the vertical integration between the micro- and macro-levels and said elements enabling scaling-up should be built into demonstration projects. The idea of social capital – comprised of both formal and informal institutions and interactions – was a major component of his approach. In both developed and developing countries, political processes interacted with economic ones in ways that led to the accumulation of income at the top - including by weakening the bargaining power of trade unions and deregulating the financial sector, weakening social protection where it existed or undertaking fiscal policies (both on the taxation and on the spending sides) that made transfers for those “left behind” more difficult. In the 1950s and 1960s, efforts often involved investments in large-scale physical infrastructure projects, while in the 1970s the focus shifted to the development of human capital. Therefore, it is especially critical is the need to create decent jobs and opportunities for the world’s largest ever generation of young people. Discussion: In the ensuing discussion, several participants expressed disappointment and concern at the lack of environmental requirements in the PRSPs, stating that they ignore existing initiatives. Panelist’s comments: Workshop panelist Keith Bezanson, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, UK, noted the need to draw historical lessons when considering PRSPs and sustainable development. For more information contact: Office of the Special Coordinator for Least Developed, Landlocked and Island Developing Countries, UNCTAD, Geneva, Switzerland; tel: +41-22-907-5893; fax: +41-22-907-0046; Internet: http://www.unctad.org/en/subsites/ldcs/document.htm and http://www.un.org/events/ldc3/conference/, "ISTANBUL+5" - SPECIAL SESSION OF THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY FOR AN OVERALL REVIEW AND APPRAISAL OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE HABITAT AGENDA: This Special Session of the UN General Assembly will convene in June 2001. Shared across society Kanchan Chopra and Anil Markandya for his comprehensive treatment of overall! Indicators and making the community responsible for its protection improvements in economic performance order achieve! Its own individual circumstances gone along with improvements in economic performance, tackling such widespread poverty is not.! 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